Sarah Champion speech at the London School of Economics
Sarah Champion MP,
Labour’s Shadow Secretary of State for Women and Equalities,
speaking at the London School of Economics today, said:
It’s such an honour to
be here at the LSE.
Founded by Beatrice
Webb, a visionary woman who paved the way for the Beveridge report, and who
arguably drew up the blueprint for what would later become the welfare state
and the birth of our NHS.
I would like to thank
the LSE Department for Economics as well as the Equality and Diversity
Taskforce, for hosting this important event here today ahead of the Spring
Budget next week.
It is great to see so
many senior female economists and academics here. Too often women’s voices on
the economy are ignored or take a back seat.
Just over a year ago,
the Fawcett society analysed newspaper coverage of the economy and found that
over 80% of those quoted or referenced were men, and over 80% of articles were
imbalanced in favour of men.
From that I take two
One, that the voices of
women, like many of you here today, with relevant expertise and experience, are
rarely given a platform – which reinforces the public perception that being an
expert on the economy is a male role.
Secondly, the economy is
an area where there have been significant negative impacts on women since 2010.
From cuts to tax credits
to the crisis in social care budgets – it is women who have consistently been
hit hardest, yet it is our voices that are continuously excluded.
This year, the Spring
Budget is on the same day as International Women’s Day – so the 8th March
becomes a critical day both for women’s rights and for the economy.
Labour are determined to
ensure that we do not miss this opportunity to lay out our demands for women to
be at the heart of economic decisions.
For women’s voices,
perspectives and interests to be properly understood, considered and heard.
As of the last autumn
statement, 86% of the net gains to the Treasury through tax and benefit changes
since 2010 had come from women.
That figure is up on the
previous year’s autumn statement, in which the figure was 81%.
That is why, today,
Labour are calling for a Spring Budget that works for women.
A budget that invests in
jobs for women.
A budget that recognises
and supports the services that women depend on.
A budget that advances
women’s equality and economic independence
At its heart, we expect
a budget that works for women as it is a key opportunity for the advancement of
This concept, often referred
to as gender budgeting, now takes place in more than 40 countries around the
It was originally
inspired by the early experiences of countries such as Australia, and then
given further momentum by the United Nations commitment to gender budgeting in
the Beijing platform for action.
The perceived assumption
is often that budgets are neutral, that they benefit and impact on everyone
equally, regardless of gender, ethnic background or disability.
We know this is not the
Women are particularly
vulnerable to being hit harder by this Government policies, for a number of
First, social security
payments make up a greater share of women’s income than men’s, as women still
earn less in the labour market.
Women make greater use
of public sector care services than men, because they have greater caring
Women also pay less
direct tax than men, because they tend to earn less. Meaning that tax breaks
for top earners disproportionately benefit men.
Finally, women are hit
harder by this Government’s policies, because a higher proportion of women are
employed in the public sector, which is consistently under attack.
If we are to create a
budget that works for women, these factors must be properly taken into account
during the formative stages of policy making and budget setting. It needs
to be done in a way that ensures that women are not disproportionately
penalised, and that gender economic equality is advanced.
inequality will not simply be addressed through gender budgeting.
Children aren’t born
with expectations about what is, or is not, appropriate for their future
careers, or beliefs about what their work is worth.
The stereotypes we see
embedded from such a young age ultimately
contribute to the inequalities we see in adult life, in the
workplace and in the economy more widely.
This must change.
Violence against women,
maternity discrimination, unequal pay and lack of access to decently paid,
secure employment: all take an economic toll.
Gender inequality is
economically inefficient. Gender equality is good for economic growth.
Janet Stotsky, who has
researched the economics of gender since the mid 90’s, recently led an
International Monetary Fund survey. She has said simply that;
‘gender budgeting is
The imperative for a
budget that works for women goes far beyond an economic one. Legal and
international obligations on the Government are clear in the need to protect
and advance women’s economic equality.
The Equality Act 2010,
introduced by Labour, enshrined in law the public sector equality duty which
requires public authorities to have due regard of equality considerations when
exercising their functions.
In section 149 of the
Act, Labour placed the provision that any public body must, in the exercise of
its functions, have due regard to the need to “eliminate discrimination” and
“advance equality of opportunity” for those with protected characteristics,
which include gender and ethnicity.
Given that the legal and
economic arguments are clear that budgets must work for women, why is it women
who continually fair worst under this government?
My belief is it is a
combination of outdated and intrinsically biased assumptions in accounting and
policy, as well as a lack of transparency in how equality considerations are
taken into account, have brought us to the point where the 86% figure I
mentioned earlier is a reality.
Take, for example, the
way investment and current expenditure are defined by the Treasury.
Currently, the wages of
construction workers paid to build a school count as public investment.
However, when government staffs the school to provide education, the wages of
the teachers are not counted as investment expenditure, but as current
The benefits produced by
teachers accrue over the years, both to the children who have been educated,
and to the wider economy. These are not just ‘day to day’ immediate benefits.
Feminist economists have
long argued that the work force is a produced asset that requires investment of
resources for it to be available on a daily basis.
In the example I just
gave – both the wages of the teachers and the construction workers would be
defined as public investment.
Similarly, there is also
an inherently skewed way that governments think about infrastructure.
The Labour Party have
long acknowledged that economic development requires a well-functioning social
infrastructure; Schools, hospitals, care and public services.
Investment in social
infrastructure both alleviates unpaid care work and generates more jobs for
public services and infrastructure not only reduces the productivity of the
current and future work force, but it also dumps the burden of, often unpaid,
care work on women. This leads to an inevitable impact on women earning
Yet in statement after
statement, we hear the government effortlessly justify investment of tax payer
money in roads and transportation projects, while their last Autumn Statement,
failed to offer any investment in care or the NHS.
The government’s excuses
for their unprecedented lack of investment in care, the NHS and public services
don’t stack up for the economy, and they definitely don’t stack up for women.
When the UK Labour
government invested in creating the NHS in 1948, the ratio of debt to GDP was
over 200 per cent, and that higher public investment led to higher growth. High
debt ratios did not prompt cuts to public investment in the 1940s, 1950s or
What is unarguable is
that at the same time as imposing cruel spending cuts that have been shown to
hit women hardest, this government has added almost £700bn to the national
That’s not just more
than the last Labour government.
It’s more than every
Labour government, in history, added together!
So, not only have public
services like our NHS or our Local Councils been shredded, the scale of the
failure is such that the Tories can’t even claim to have reduced the debt!
The question that we
must focus on is whether an individual investment project has economic returns
that are higher than, or at least equal to, its costs in terms of interest
If the returns are high
enough, debt sustainability would automatically be satisfied as the additional
growth would decrease, or at least stabilise the debt to GDP ratio.
But, if we continue to
think of public investment exclusively as spending on physical infrastructure –
roads, railways, ports, airports – the benefits to women will continue to be
limited by this definition.
And remember, this is in
addition to the deepening and damaging cuts to social infrastructure under this
government that fail to invest in our future workforce, and women in
The last autumn
statement posed a real opportunity for the Government to make changes:
They had the opportunity
to start a new economic path with a new female Prime Minister.
They missed that
opportunity by a mile.
impact on women had in fact increased from the autumn statement the previous
year, from 81 to 86%.
Joint analysis from the
Runnymede Trust and the Women’s Budget Group also showed that, as of the last
autumn statement, low- income black and Asian women are paying the highest
price for this Government’s failed austerity agenda.
The 86% impact figure
sounds shocking, but we know it isn’t just a number in a textbook or a policy
These are real
Real women whose lives
are being made increasingly more difficult through government policy and
Women who have to
struggle with more caring responsibilities due to the ever increasing gap in
social care funding.
Women on increasingly
insecure employment terms, unable to plan properly for their family’s future.
Women born in the 1950’s
who, with little to no notice, are having to face a crisis in their retirement
54,000 women a year who
are forced out of their jobs through maternity discrimination and who can’t
afford this government’s extortionate fees to take their employer to tribunal.
Women in my constituency
and constituencies up and down the country who will have to wait another 60
years before the gender pay gap closes.
155 women and 103
children on a typical day, who are turned away from refuges due to lack of
space, according to Women’s Aid
Women struggling under
more pressure placed on them through cuts to universal credit and to child tax
And perhaps most
shamefully, women who, as of next month, will have to prove their third child
is a product of rape if they wish to qualify for child tax credits.
I’m not sure how we have
ended up here?
But I am sure that this
cannot continue, and that Labour will hold this government to account for their
Twice Labour has
formally presented the government with clear analysis on the impact of their
budgets on women, only for the data to be dismissed out of hand by Ministers.
It would be far more
credible if the government produced their own gender impact analysis alongside
their financial statements, rather than to criticize the House of Commons
library data without producing any alternative of their own.
To add insult to injury,
the Government knows how to conduct a proper audit of their polices on women and
those with protected characteristics.
The Equality and Human
Rights Commission, and the Women’s Budget Group, have outlined suggested
methodologies very clearly.
We have to ask why, in
the light of the availability of those methodologies, the Government continue
to be so evasive in stepping up to their duties.
It is getting to the
point where the government can no longer plead ignorance of the way their
policies are impacting women or that there doesn’t exist evidence to show this
impact or the strategies to overcome it.
And the continued lack
of transparency is deeply concerning.
The cross party,
parliamentary Women and Equalities select committee have had precious little
cooperation from the government in this area.
The Treasury have
refused, in writing, to send a minister to answer questions on the impact of
the Autumn Statement on women. And they have sent inadequate or
incomplete answers to questions asked by the committee.
The committee have
stated publicly that, I quote,
‘The lack of information
provided to us demonstrates a concerning lack of transparency. The promotion of
transparency is a central aim of the Public Sector Equality Duty requirements,
but the Government’s current position does not engender confidence that these
requirements are being complied with.’
Next week, during the
Chancellor’s budget, on international women’s day, there will be nowhere to
hide if the government continue to avoid addressing this omission.
The game is up.
Labour is demanding the
government put an end to this embarrassing ducking and diving and produce a
transparent, cumulative impact analysis of their polices on women since 2010,
as well as an equalities impact assessment of the specific measures announced
in the Spring Budget.
The usual one-off cash
give-away, or a gimmicky policy aimed at women, will not suffice.
Let me be very clear;
We are talking about a
fundamental, structural, disproportionate impact on women of government policy
Nothing short of a
fundamental, structural solution will do.
This government seem
keen to support gender equality on paper if it only means marginal changes, or
a few one off measures.
What is needed however,
are root-and-branch changes on how the fiscal system supports gender
I appreciate this is
much more challenging, but it is vital and long overdue.
The Labour Party will
not shy from this challenge.
I am pleased announce
today that Labour will build upon current equalities legislation, consulting
over the next 12 months on bringing in an Economic Equality Bill.
Put simply, this Bill
would seek to ensure that on equality, the money follows the policy.
It will no longer be
possible for governments to talk the talk on equality while implementing
economic policies that make life harder for women and protected groups.
It’s about ensuring that
we eliminate intrinsic, structural barriers that prevent people from reaching
their full economic potential.
Next week, during the
Spring Budget, Labour will be watching.
In the absence of the
government conducting their own gender impact analysis on the budget, once
again, Labour will be working hard with the House of Commons Library to produce
I have to say, I find it
shameful that we have to hold the Government’s feet to the fire in this way,
simply to ensure that their policies are not disproportionately impacting one
particular group and reversing progress on economic equality.
Globally, when one of Trump’s
first acts as President, in a room full of men, was to curtail women’s
reproductive rights while Vladimir Putin has de-criminalised domestic violence,
leadership from the UK on gender equality has never been so urgent.
Then there is the
triggering of Article 50 and a Government white paper that failed to even
mention the word equality.
The prospect of the UK
becoming a deregulated off shore tax haven, free from EU treaties and law does
not bode well for women.
Labour will make clear
during our budget next week that that we expect the government to fundamentally
and structurally enable and promote economic equality for all
Labour’s economic aims
always have, and always will be, our social aims too.
Our new Economic
Equality Bill is the next step in realising this.
Labour is committed to
overturning a rigged economic system that sees women bearing the brunt of
Labour has committed to
producing a gender impact analysis alongside all of our financial statements in
Historically, I am
extremely proud that that almost every major piece of legislation that has
improved the lives of working women has been introduced by a Labour Government.
It was a Labour
Government who introduced legislative protections for women under the Equal Pay
Act, the Sex Discrimination Act and the Equality Act.
Labour were the first
administration since the Second World War to accept state responsibility for
developing childcare policy, and we introduced paternity leave and increased
maternity leave. Labour brought in Sure Start centres, working tax credits and
all-women shortlists, and we have more women MPs than all the other parties in
the House combined.
And it is Labour who are
now at the forefront of challenging the government on their abysmal record on
gender economic equality and it is Labour who are taking the lead on working to
develop in government, a budget that works for all.